Lily's import system borrows mostly from Python, notably how the module name is used as a namespace for the symbols inside:

# fib.lily

define fib(n: Integer): Integer
{
    if n < 2: {
        return n
    else:
        return fib(n - 1) + fib(n - 2)
    }
}

# other.lily

import fib

# print(fib(10)) # Syntax error

print(fib.fib(10)) # 55

If a module executes code, the code is run only the first time the module is loaded.

Import as

It is possible to rename modules using the as keyword:

import fib as f

print(f.fib(10)) # 55

# print(fib.fib(10)) # Syntax error because fib isn't available.

To extract only particular symbols from a module (and not the module itself), use (<name>, <name>...) before the import name. The module will be loaded, but not made visible (only the symbols mentioned will be).

import (argv, getenv) sys

print(argv)
print(getenv("HOME"))

Import symbols

It is possible to import only certain symbols from a module. The code inside a module (if any) will still execute, but only the items in question will be available.

Use (name1, name2, ...) before the module name. This cannot be used with import x as y.

import (argv, getenv) sys

print(getenv("HOME")) # Returns the home path

# print(sys.argv) # Syntax error because 'sys' is not loaded.

Import Multiple

Commas can be used to execute multiple import actions at once:

import fib as f,
       sys,
       (Time) time

The code inside of a module is only executed the first time that it is imported:

# print_one.lily

print(1)

# other.lily

import print_one

# main.lily

import print_one # prints 1
import other # Does nothing.

Import String

To import a file from another directory, the path must be enclosed in quotes. The / character is used to denote path slashes, and will be turned into the appropriate character on platforms that do not use /.

# somedir/point.lily

class Point(public var @x: Integer, public var @y: Integer)
{
    public define stringified: String {
        return "Point({0}, {1})".format(@x, @y)
    }
}

# first.lily

import "somedir/point"

print(point.Point(10, 20).stringified())

Import paths

The default import handler for Lily tries paths in the following order:

<current root>/<name>.lily
<current root>/<name>.(so/dll)

<current root>/packages/<name>/src/<name>.lily
<current root>/packages/<name>/src/<name>.(so/dll)

<original root>/packages/<name>/src/<name>.lily
<original root>/packages/<name>/src/<name>.(so/dll)

The base directory of the first file loaded by Lily is considered the original root. As a root module, any import that spans from it uses the root module's base directory as a starting point.

Suppose the above example had another file at somedir/sibling.lily. To load that module, both first.lily and somedir/point.lily would use import somedir/sibling. That's because the sibling module is another module inside of first.lily.

Loading a module from a packages directory is different. The first module loaded from a packages directory is considered a root module, and its imports will be run relative to that new root.

By making import run relative to a root directory, it's possible for somedir/point.lily to make use of other libraries installed in the packages directory at the same level that first.lily is installed at.